Mass balance of East Antarctica
The Antarctic climate system is very complex with strong interactions between the ice sheet, atmosphere, ocean and sea ice. Within this complex system small scale variations often have large scale consequences, while regional processes are partly controlled by large scale dynamics. Therefore it is crucial to link the dynamics that affect Antarctica at different spatial and temporal scales in order to make progress in our understanding, and increase the confidence in the future projections for Antarctica.
Within the Mass2Ant project (i.e. collaboration between UCL, ULB, KMI, UC, and TUDelft), we study the surface mass balance (SMB) in the Princess Ragnhild Coast region, East Antarctica, analyzing both changes over the last decades and centuries (Anthropocene) as well as the link between the regional variability and the large-scale atmospheric and ocean circulation.
Firstly, we aim to understand the local processes responsible for SMB variability during the last 300 years. Secondly, we will establish links between local, regional, and large scale processes to determine the origin of the variability of the surface mass balance.